• 小程序
大成网 > 正文

2011职称英语阅读理解新增文章——卫生类

2011年03月09日16:11新东方在线我要评论(0)
字号:T|T

  The leading cause of lung cancer among women in the city was cooking oil fumes while men are more likely to develop the disease from smoking, said medical experts after a five-year research study.

  • ·
  • ·

  Doctors announced the results yesterday with analysis on some new tendencies in lung cancer. They said patients are younger, especially women.

  According to the Shanghai Tumor research Institute, more local residents die of lung cancer in the city than anything else. Following breast cancer, it has the second-highest incidence rate.

  "An unhealthy lifestyle is a very important reason for lung cancer," said Dr He Yumin from Shanghai Minshen Traditional Chinese Medicine Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment Center.

  He followed 2,276 lung cancer patients for five years. Among them, 1,433 were male.

  Smoking causes 70 percent of cases among men while only 18 percent of female patients developed cancer from smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke, according to the report.

  However, more than 60 percent of women with the disease had long term, close contact with strong oil fumes from cooking and complained about1 irritated eyes and throat.

  About 32 percent of women fried foods in boiling oil in unventilated kitchens and about 25 percent of women's bedrooms were adjacent to2 the kitchen.

  However, local women were surprised to learn cooking oil fumes could lead to cancer. Some claimed they may change food preparation methods.

  "Unless my family and I don't eat at home every day, I must stay in the kitchen to cook," said Xu Li, a 45-year-old local woman. "I know the fumes are bad for the skin, but it is the first time I heard that it can result in lung cancer. I have already started frying less."

  Doctors said women's lung cancer had few links to personal health and physical condition, but

  was closely related to family cancer history, unhealthy dietary habits and weak immune systems.

  Other experts agreed with He.3

  "Smoking is by far the biggest cause4 of lung cancer for men," said Dr Tan Binyong, honorary president of the Respiratory Disease Institute at Fudan University's Medical College. "It's true that second-hand smoke and cooking fumes are the main causes among women. "

  He's research also warned people not to stand near of stalls selling5 fried foods due to the poor quality of oils used.

  The chance of catching lung cancer is three times higher if exposed to the fume for a long time,6 experts said.

  练习:

  1. What a new tendency in lung cancer is concluded by the researchers?

  A Men are more likely to develop lung cancer than women.

  B Women are more likely to develop lung cancer than men.

  C Patients with lung cancer become older, especially males.

  D Patients with lung cancer become younger, especially females.

  2. Which of the following diseases is the most common among the local residents in Shanghai'?

  A Heart disease. B Breast cancer.

  C Infectious diseases. D Lung cancer.

  3. What symptoms may be complained of by most women with lung cancer after long term. Close contact with cooking oil fumes'?

  A Irritated eyes and throat. B Severe pain in both lungs.

  C Continuous cough and headache. D Difficulty in breathing.

  4. What was the local women's reaction when they learned that cooking oil fumes could lead to cancer?

  A Happy. B Surprised.

  C Angry. D Careless.

  5. Which of the following has relatively little connection with women's lung cancer?

  A Family cancer history. B Unhealthy dietary habits.

  C Weak immune systems. D Personal health and physical condition.

读完这篇文章后,您心情如何?
[责任编辑:wyava]
登录 (请登录发言,并遵守相关规定) 分享至: 腾讯微博